About The Parthenon In Greece – The wide-ranging influence and the serene beauty of the Parthenon in Athens, Greece makes it an essential stop during any visit to this capital of the ancient world. In 437, Athenians dedicated the largest temple on the Acropolis to their patron Athena, the goddess of wisdom, warfare and courage. In those more than 1,500 years, the structure has had an eventful history.
Though the architecture and sculpture of the Parthenon now appear uniformly white, the temple was once colorful. Traces of polychrome in the marble of the friezes and sculptures indicate that deep reds, greens and blues were favored for decorative elements. Intense colors made the images more visible from afar.
The temple’s name, the Parthenon, comes from Athena’s role as an unmarried woman, or Parthenos. Within the Parthenon stood a colossal statue of Athena made of gold and ivory. Many ancient writers described the magnificence of this figure, which stood around 40 feet high.
Now, however, only smaller Roman copies and images struck on coins suggest the nature of its appearance. It was a likely as a setting for this figure an expression of the great wealth and prosperity enjoyed by Athens that the structure was built.